Excavations of Halaf Levels at Kazane, Southeastern Turkey


Three brief seasons of excavation on the Halaf levels at the site of Kazane Hyk, near the modern town of Sanliurfa in southeastern Turkey, were carried out in the summers of 1996 to 1998. Fieldwork was planned by Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck (both State University of New York at Binghamton) and Cheryl Coursey as part of a larger project under the overall direction of Patricia Wattenmaker (University of Virginia). The excavation team included students from the State University of New York at Binghamton and Bryn Mawr College. Research was funded by a Faculty Development and Enhancement Grant from the State University of New York at Binghamton, Bryn Mawr College research funds, the American Philosophical Society, the American Research Institute in Turkey, the National Geographic Society and the National Science Foundation (Grant No. SBR9709096).

In 1996 we excavated three small soundings, two of which yielded principally Late Halaf material, whereas the third contained occupation levels that appear to be approximately contemporaneous with the Transitional Halaf known from Sabi Abyad. A fourth sounding excavated in 1997 contained Middle and Late Halaf remains. In the more substantial 1998 season, five adjacent 5 x 5 m squares were opened, revealing mainly Late Halaf occupation levels.

This website is meant to provide a brief visual introduction to our work. A more substantial preliminary publication will appear in the 1999 issue of Anatolica. Short notices have appeared in the Newsletter Neo-Lithics (1996/2 and 1998/3).

1. The site of Kazane covers 100 ha, including a high mound, visible here in the distance, and an extensive "lower town," a small portion of which can be seen here in the foreground.

2. Much of the "lower town" is cultivated, principally in grain but also in fruits and vegetables. Here, a woman gathers straw. In the background one can see the town of Urfa and the hills behind it.

3. Following the cutting of a large irrigation canal through the site several years ago, portions of the mound have been leveled in preparation for the planting of irrigated cotton. Most of our excavations have taken place in a leveled area in the southeastern portion of the lower mound. The stones in the foreground were removed from the leveling operation and may come from a now destroyed third millennium building.



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